Thus far Federal officials seem to have a cautious but optimistic outlook on the situation, stating that more than likely the outbreak will be contained in the next month or two as reliable protocols are already in place to ensure that the disease doesn't spread further. Moreover, a person with measles "will infect 90 percent of the folks who are susceptible around them". 'We're having outbreaks that are protracted, that are sizable, and that are growing.
There are now 17 states, including Washington where a measles outbreak began last month, that allow parents to opt out of having their children vaccinated for "philosophical beliefs". Since the 1960s, two doses of the measles vaccine have been given to young children to prevent the disease, which causes symptoms ranging from pneumonia to vision loss, and even death.
While the majority of children in Donegal still receive the MMR vaccine, the numbers have been dropping slightly over the past few years.
Instead, mandatory registration of vaccination status when children start school is under "active consideration", Dix said, but has made no commitment as to when or how such a measure might be implemented.
"The concerning thing in Alberta as well is that those rates of immunization have been stuck at that level for quite a long time".
As of February 11, the Epidemiology Bureau of the Department of Health in the Philippines reported 4,302 cases of measles with 70 deaths from January 1 to February 9, according to Public Health. An INSPQ study shows that in 2016, 94 per cent of Quebec two-year-olds had received both doses of the measles vaccine, up from 88 per cent in 2006.
Mandatory reporting is an idea that's been kicked around before but never implemented through legislation.
AHS says the measles vaccine is highly effective and safe. And the largest measles outbreak in North America in a decade occurred in Quebec in 2011.
Dr. Jia Hu, Alberta Health Services' medical officer of health in Calgary, says it may be worth considering a mandatory vaccine. "But I think we really need to step back and realize for the greater good that we need it and their own children do too".
De Serres calls Quebec's high vaccination rates and relatively low illness rates "reassuring".
Infection with the virus begins with a high fever, cough, runny nose and red eyes, followed by a blotchy rash that spreads from the face and neck to the rest of the body.
"For travelers we are recommending that prior to traveling that they're vaccinated for the flu and there is a combination of not only the measles vaccination but also with mumps and rubella", said Denorcey.