USA government agencies gear up to restart operations Monday

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Trump, nonetheless, tweeted, "This was in no way a concession" and said he wanted to help those "badly hurt" by the shutdown. Why he did what he did was because many Democrats have come to us, some of them privately.

As the US government moved to reopen after a 35-day partial shutdown, some lawmakers on Sunday criticized using the closure of federal agencies as a tool in policy disputes, which President Donald Trump has threatened to do again.

The economic fallout from the 35-day shutdown - the longest in the nation's history - has now been calculated as overshadowing Trump's earlier border wall cash demand, after S&P Global Ratings ran the numbers at some $6 billion lost by the United States economy during the closure.

The bill signed Friday ended the 35-day shutdown, the longest in USA history, and will allow for a bipartisan conference committee in Congress to review Department of Homeland Security requests for border security.

"Jim Clyburn, my former colleague from SC, said that the experts thought we really needed a barrier, [and that] he could vote for it".

Standing alone in the Rose Garden, Trump said that he would sign legislation funding shuttered agencies until February 15 and try again to persuade lawmakers to finance his long-sought wall. Joe Manchin of West Virginia, the sole Democrat who voted last week for Trump's wall proposal as part of a legislative effort to reopen the government, said Democrats would "look at a wholistic approach" to determine border security needs.

Blowback was swift. Democrats claimed victory and hardline conservative commentators decried the abrupt end as a capitulation, pointing out that the short-term deal, which will last until Feb 15, was reached in spite of Mr Trump's previous insistence that he would not sign any deal that did not include funding for a US$5.7 billion (S$7.7 billion) wall at the US-Mexico border.

Trump says more border walls are needed to stop what he says are crisis levels of criminals and illegal immigration.

Mick Mulvaney, the White House's budget director and acting chief of staff, danced around a question Sunday on whether government-contracted employees would be reimbursed for wages they missed during the partial government shutdown.

Securities and Exchange Commission Chairman Jay Clayton said on Saturday in a statement that the agency is "continuing to assess how to most effectively transition to normal operations".

"At the end of the day, the president's commitment is to defend the nation and he'll do it either with or without Congress", Mulvaney continued.

Lawmakers on both sides of the aisle have strongly spoken out against Trump's suggestion that he would declare a national emergency to secure funds for his long-promised border wall, which he had vowed Mexico would pay to build.

The president also went back to an old tactic and warned about a new "big" caravan that "has now formed and is coming" with at least 8,000 people. "This is not a tool that we should be using, '" GOP Senator Lisa Murkowski of Alaska told The Post, discussing Trump's shutdown.

At his White House announcement, Trump sought to thank the federal workers who suffered as collateral damage in the political battle, saying they showed "extraordinary devotion in the face of this recent hardship". "But we agree on many things, such as the need for new technology and the need to strengthen security at our ports of entry. Republicans don't have 60 in the Senate", he said.