In doing so, he eclipsed the record held by Colombian Juan Pablo Montoya since 2004.
Ferrari's last front-row lockout at Monza was in 2000, when Michael Schumacher and Brazilian Rubens Barrichello were first and second on the grid. Unfortunately, on my last run in Q2 I was overtaken by Alonso, and I couldn't then get a lap on that second set of tires, which was crucial.
Will Sebastian Vettel's shunt during this demonstration on the streets of Milan be in the back of his head in this Sunday's race as he attempts to cut more points out of Lewis Hamilton's lead in the driver standings?
Kimi Raikkonen was third fastest and only 0.092s slower than Hamilton, with Valtteri Bottas unable to match his teammate's pace in fourth as his best lap of 1m21.112s left him over 0.6s adrift of Vettel after an error at the first chicane.
Hamilton was fastest after the first runs and improved on his second lap, but Vettel beat him before Raikkonen pipped both. "Yes!" he yelled over the team radio, only to be informed moments later that Raikkonen had taken the spoils.
"The auto is working well, and we hope to confirm that in the next few days", Vettel said. "I don't know what's on their vehicle so I couldn't tell you either way", he said.
Despite the celebrations in the grandstands around the circuit, Raikkonen said the pole had not felt any different to the other ones during his career. Well, if he's starting from pole, I guess he's allowed to win.
Hamilton leads Vettel by 17 points.
He was also fastest on Friday at Monza in a one-two with Raikkonen. Fourteen of the last 18 pole-sitters here have gone on to take the chequered flag.
However, when it came to Hamilton's turn the tifosi ranked up the noise levels by booing his every word.
Hamilton: Although Mercedes have won the last two races in Mexico City, it is not normally a track suited to their W09 model with the thin air meaning the wings of their auto produce less downforce.
It is probable that they will orchestrate a pit-stop switch by stealth if the race situation allows them to pick their victor.
"It was just not a good lap and not good enough. It was wonderful how intense it was and that's how racing should be", said the Briton.
"Although we are on Ferrari's home turf, we have some great support out there and it's always a boost to see that in the grandstands".
"Tomorrow I don't think I'll get many overtakes which are easy, with DRS probably a lot is going to be on the brakes".
The 38-year-old said Monza was "probably the best place" to take the pole he has waited this season for.