European Union approves controversial internet copyright law, including ‘link tax’ and ‘upload filter’

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Putting the hash into hashtags.

Her overall assessment of the vote was blunt: "Today's decision is a severe blow to the free and open internet". This includes two controversial articles that threaten to hand more power to the richest tech companies and generally break the internet.

Article 11 is meant to give publishers and papers a way to make money when companies like Google link to their stories, allowing them to demand paid licenses.

Tech companies would need to build filters that prevent users from uploading copyrighted material.

This also risks positioning larger publishers as gatekeepers, with the ability to negotiate whose content makes it onto a platform.

The push is part of an attempt to unify European approaches to intellectual property.

Meanwhile, further down the chain, he says, smaller news outlets as well as smaller companies trying to innovate in the curation/aggregation market lose out because it's unfeasible that they sign and pay the plethora of contracts that such a law implies.

Article 11 would see publishers receive a payment when search engines direct users to their articles.

Supporters say the reforms will restore the balance of power between musicians, filmmakers and news publishers on one side and Big Tech on the other.

This was and continues to be the most controversial proposal in the Directive, which is created to address the "value gap" between sums made by content sharing platforms compared to artists and creatives whose works are exploited on those platforms. "He just has to combine the proposed solutions to find a proposal that would be carried by the majority of the plenary".

"These rules would ensure that the next Facebook or Google can not come from Europe", said Julia Reda, a German lawmaker who has opposed the draft law.

Lawmakers subsequently beefed up the European Union executive's proposal in favour of Europe's creative industries, prompting a backlash from the tech industry. Philipp Welte, a newspaper publisher, told Handelsblatt that journalistic online content needed to be able to be financed to protect press freedom and independence.

Amendments to make the so-called "link tax" less comprehensive and to exempt smaller platforms from having to filter content have been included.

"At the same time, we aim to safeguard free speech and ensure that online platforms - including 7,000 European online platforms - can develop new and innovative offers and business models".

Others, meanwhile, called the criticism absurd.