"The law announcing Jerusalem, occupied by Israel, as the capital city is null and void in the eyes of the worldwide community", the ministry said, adding that promoting Jewish settlements that have been repeatedly deemed unlawful by the United Nations is also "unacceptable".
The bill was ended Arabic's status as an official language alongside Hebrew and gave it a "special status" which allowed its continuation in Israel's institutions, the report added.
Furthermore, the law affirms "the state sees the development of Jewish settlement as a national value and will act to encourage and promote its establishment and consolidation".
According to Adalah, there are now over 65 Israeli laws that discriminate against Palestinian citizens in Israel and Palestinian residents of the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT) on the basis of their national belonging.
Israelis wave national flags outside the Old City's Damascus Gate, in Jerusalem, May 13, 2018.
"The law did not bring anything new because the same situation already exists in Israel since the founding of the state". Although the bill specifically points out that "this clause does not harm the status given to the Arabic language before this law came into effect", its opponents have been up in arms over the wording change.
In Maalot-Tarshiha, a municipality in northern Israel which was created by linking the Jewish town of Maalot and the Arab town of Tarshiha, there was anger among Arab residents.
The law, which passed at 3 a.m. Thursday by a 62-55 vote after prolonged debate, weakens the democratic aspects of the Israeli system and fortifies the Jewish nationalist ones.
Legislators Ahmad Tibi and Ayeda Touma-Souliman yelled at Netanyahu: "You passed an apartheid law, a racist law".
The statement added that this violates all worldwide laws, signed agreements and United Nations (UN) resolutions guarding the Palestinian rights.
It also defines Jewish settlement of the land as a "national interest".
"This is an evil law", he said and added that "a black flag hovers over it".
A colonial regime is expressed in this Basic Law by the imposition of a constitutional identity of Jewish ethnic supremacy and control, without consent and cooperation, which denies the connection between the Palestinian natives (citizens and residents) with their homeland.
"Now that this law has been passed by the Knesset, the State of Israel has an obligation to ensure that, in practice, this Basic Law is not used to discriminate against minorities, particularly its Arab citizens, and that the state maintains its commitment to improve relations between Jews in Israel and those around the world", Greenblatt said.
The law becomes one of the so-called Basic Laws, which, like a constitution, guide Israel's legal system and are usually more hard to repeal than regular laws. Instead, it focused nearly exclusively on Israel's character as a home for the Jewish people.
Amir Fuchs of the Israel Democracy Institute said the problem with the law was "what is missing". "Palestinian Civil Society Reacts to Israel's Jewish Nation-State Law".
The law states that only Jews have the right of self-determination in Israel. Israeli-Jewish politicians backed the move amid fears that "the founding principles of Israel's creation, as a state for Jews in their ancient homeland" was under threat "and could become less relevant, or obsolete, in the future".