"I would once again beseech you to refrain from the plans that you're now developing", Nebenzia said. U.S. officials told Reuters that Washington is weighing a military response with London and Paris.
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French President Emmanuel Macron said any strikes would target Syrian government chemical facilities. Mr. Trump has said publicly that sharing military plans could give enemies information they could use to their advantage.
An global team of chemical weapons investigators prepared to deploy to Syria on Tuesday as the White House weighed a possible USA military response to a suspected chemical attack that killed dozens of people outside of Damascus.
The officials declined further comment and it was not clear whether the Syrian moves would impact US military planning for potential action against Syria over a suspected poison gas attack.
The decision came after an apparent chemical weapons attack on civilians in Syria.
In order to pass, a resolution needs nine votes in favour and no vetoes by the five permanent members: Russia, China, France, Britain or the United States. They both blocked each other's proposals to set up independent investigations.
United States Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley votes against a draft resolution presented by Russian Federation during a Security Council meeting.
However, a United States official told The National, that while "Washington welcomes the OPCW mission, it will not affect the United States decision on a response to Syria".
The UN session was the latest in a series of showdowns between Russian Federation and the United States and saw harsh words exchanged between the countries.
"I am not going to comment on U.S. military actions".
"We don't really want to defeat Assad militarily", said Michael O'Hanlon, an analyst at the Brookings Institution, a non-profit public policy think tank in Washington.
U.S. envoy Nikki Haley responded by calling the vote a "travesty".
Her comments remind the world that Russian Federation is not the only backer of Assad and his forces. It was the 12th time that Russian Federation has used its veto power at the council to block action targeting its Syrian ally. During one speech, he said, "We must as a nation be more unpredictable".
France and the United Kingdom are consulting with the Trump administration on a possible joint military response.
US President Trump warned that Russia, Iran and Syria will have a "big price to pay" following the suspected chemical attack, saying his administration will soon be making "some major decisions" on Syria.
The US has pledged to punish President Assad harshly for a suspected poison gas attack on the town of Douma, in the eastern Ghouta region near the Syrian capital on Saturday.
Parliament voted down British military action against President Bashar al-Assad's government in 2013, in a major embarrassment for May's predecessor, David Cameron, that then deterred the USA administration of Barack Obama from similar action.