Catalonia is calling the EU for help after its "traumatic" independence referendum

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In an extended interview, we get an update on developments in Spain, where tensions are escalating over Sunday's independence referendum in the northeast region of Catalonia. The experience of a form of democracy in a vote for independence is certain to leave both sides polarised as never before, with the economic powerhouse of Catalonia left with a deep sense of hurt.

He called for Spanish national police reinforcements to leave the region after Sunday's violence, and for global mediation to solve the political deadlock.

Spain's world number one Rafael Nadal said on Monday he was stunned and felt like crying following a banned independence referendum in Catalonia and a police crackdown.

The commission, the European Union's executive branch, said it would continue to put its faith in Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy to handle the matter.

In a surprise move, the region established a "universal census" that allowed people to vote at any polling station in the region and also permitted them to vote without an envelope and to use home-printed ballots.

Spanish police officers drag a man as they try to disperse voters arriving at a polling station in Barcelona, on October 1, 2017. As of early afternoon, the Catalan health ministry said at least 465 people had been injured by police violence.

The police operation was also criticized by UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein, who said he had been "very disturbed" by the violence in Catalonia.

On Monday, Pique posted a video of a clash between Spanish police and protesters, saying about the police: "They acted with professionalism and with a fair and even manner". He said the area's parliament will be asked to declare independence in the next few days after final voting results are announced. "A referendum on self-determination was not held in Catalonia today".

He said that the European Union could make two steps: confirm the supremacy of the Spanish constitution as well promote a dialogue and search for political solutions. According to the Catalan authorities, over 90 percent of more than 2.26 million voters, who took part in the referendum, supported the region's independence.