The U.S. initially prepared a draft resolution created to severely punish North Korea for its provocations, one which called for an oil embargo, seizures of North Korean smuggling vessels, bans on key North Korean exports, the freezing of Kim Jong Un's financial assets, and travel restrictions for the young dictator.
A decision - or even only consideration by the allies - to station United States nukes here will also impose strong pressure on China and Russian Federation, which often leave loopholes in the UN-led sanctions and other worldwide efforts to stop the North's weapons programs.
He showed to the hearing satellite images provided by USA intelligence of ships purported to travel between Russian Federation and China with illicit exports of North Korean coal in violation of sanctions.
In South Korea, speculation is rising the tactical nuclear weapon to be redeployed to the peninsula, should the acquisition take place, is likely the B61 nuclear bomb, a strategic and tactical nuclear weapon with a yield of up to 350 kilotons, local newspaper Segye Ilbo reported.
Meanwhile, ahead of the sanctions, Pyongyang has warned Washington that if harsh sanctions are imposed on North Korea, the United States would have to pay a "due price" for it.
Britain's U.N. ambassador, Matthew Rycroft, told reporters who questioned the watering down of the initial USA text that "there is a significant prize in keeping the whole of the Security Council united". I mean US officials say at least the resolution gives them some new tools to crack down on smuggling - again, not as stringent as originally proposed.
Haley said these are by far the strongest measures ever imposed on North Korea.
"They will eat grass but they will not turn away from the path that will provide for their security", he said of North Koreans last week.
USA officials said the new measures would cut North Korean exports by 90 percent, pinching the regime's ability to get hard currency. A year ago textile exports were $726 million, or more than a quarter of North Korea's total export income. North Korea is suspected of intensifying cyber-attacks to steal virtual currency in order to obtain funds and avert tightening sanctions, according to security experts.
The U.S. has called for sanctions that would virtually end all trade with North Korea and freeze all assets controlled by the regime.
Calls for a total ban of the export of oil products to North Korea amplified after the country's sixth nuclear test on August 3.
Haley referred to the proposal, which included the removal of the THAAD military defence system, as "insulting".
MCEVERS: Was it surprising that the US backed off in this way?
Pyongyang has staged a series of missile tests in recent months, culminating in an intercontinental ballistic missile that appeared to bring much of the U.S. mainland into range - ramping up tensions and earning itself a seventh set of UN Security Council sanctions. Short of a military conflict that analysts said could lead to millions of deaths and the destruction of Seoul, economic sanctions are among the few options available.
There are a few things that made it through the negotiating process - for instance, a ban on textile exports from North Korea, for instance.
On Aug. 30, Trump said "talking is not the answer" when it comes to dealing with Pyongyang.
South Korea's unification ministry said Tuesday that the latest United Nations sanctions on North Korea are expected to have a positive impact on the resolution of North Korea's nuclear issue. He cited Trump's warning last month of "fire and fury" against the North if it makes more threats, and his "shaming" of allies through tweets, which he said undermined USA credibility.
Izumi Nakamitsu, U.N. High Representative for Disarmament Affairs said: "I think we all understand the consequences of a military escalation, a.military solution'. If they can not, we will not let them use it", the staffer said.
United Nations member states will be required not to renew the contracts of an estimated 93,000 North Korean guest workers, whose wages bring in an estimated $500 million a year to North Korea.
North Korea's embassy in Lima declined comment. "It could well have been smarter diplomatically to work out what China would buy behind the scenes".