The council banned North Korean textile exports, an important source of hard currency, and capped its imports of crude oil, although the sanctions were not as harsh as the U.S. had hoped.
North Korea has warned the United States that it will pay a "due price" if harsh sanctions against the country are agreed at a United Nations Security Council meeting on Monday. "We are done trying to prod the regime to do the right thing" and now are instead taking steps to prevent it "from doing the wrong thing".
"If we put firm pressure on North Korea such that it realises it cannot develop missiles, it will accept dialogue and we can progress with diplomatic efforts", Onodera told public broadcaster NHK on Sunday.
In a statement on a possible ramping up of sanctions, North Korea's foreign ministry promised moves that would "cause the US the greatest pain and suffering it had ever gone through in its entire history". Affected are not only North Korean diplomats and officials in China but also laborers and traders with North Korean passports.
"The U.S. needs to switch from isolation to communication in order to end an 'endless loop' on the Korean peninsula, where "nuclear and missile tests trigger tougher sanctions and tougher sanctions invite further tests", it said".
The textile ban is significant.
"If you make a lot of steady, quiet progress, and you have very strong incentives to get nuclear weapons and you just keep your head down and barrel ahead and withstand whatever sanctions come your way, eventually you can get to the other side", said Devin Hagerty, professor of political science and the founding director of the global studies program at the University of Maryland.
He urged the administration to "dramatically ramp up" U.S. sanctions designations of entities that deal with North Korea, particularly Chinese banks. Still, the film buff who would like to understand more about each country has many movies which are excellent.
Despite its limited economic impact, the new sanctions succeed in adding further pressure on Pyongyang without alienating Moscow and Beijing.
Though previous sanctions were discussed for weeks or even months, a week's time to call for a vote at the top UN body underscores the determination of the administration of US President Donald Trump to expedite the whole process.
China's big four state-owned banks have also stopped providing financial services to new clients from North Korea, according to branch staff.
German government spokesman Steffen Seibert said that Merkel welcomed Russia's proposal to deploy UN peacekeepers to address the Ukraine crisis, but stressed that the proposed mandate needed to be expanded. But an official who was involved at the negotiation said this was, you know, their strategy.
Seoul welcomed the resolution, calling it a "grave warning that (North Korea's) continued provocations will only intensify its diplomatic isolation and economic pressure". Nearly 80 per cent went to China.
Washington has led the international drive to punish the rogue state after it detonated its sixth and most powerful nuclear device earlier this month.
A woman walks past a TV screen in Tokyo broadcasting news of North Korea's recent missile launch.
China, North Korea's sole ally and main trading partner, had strongly objected to an oil embargo initially sought by the United States out of fear that it would bring the North's economy to its knees. Both are violations of U.N. resolutions, but Pyongyang claims it must carry them out to build nuclear deterrent against what it sees as U.S. aggression.