In the memo he asserted there are biological causes behind gender inequality in the tech industry.
In a note to staff, he said: "Our job is to build great products for users that make a difference in their lives".
The document, which has been at the centre of a debate in Silicon Valley this week, blasted the web company's diversity policies and its politically correct corporate culture.
The document was initially posted on the company's internal forum.
The Dow Jones industrial average added 0.1% on Monday to close at a record high for the ninth consecutive trading session. Throughout the text, it aimed to defend the idea that women supposedly have inherent biological traits that make it harder for them to succeed in engineering positions at a tech company like Google.
Pichai noted that the company code of conduct calls for 'Googlers' to do their utmost to create "a culture free of harassment, intimidation, bias and unlawful discrimination".
The memo also accused Google of silencing conservative political opinions.
A Redditor is claiming manufacturing differences in Noctua fans depending on which factory (Taiwan or China) they originate from, but tests by GamersNexus show that these accusations are false: any variances appear to be insignificant and well within the margin of error.
Another employee wrote: "Imagine working at Google, getting paid all that money, just to spend your time writing a disgusting manifesto and sending it to your peers". Many companies are turning to gender diversity to fill the gap, and the GE report suggests this is a savvy move: It cites numbers showing that closing the gender gap could increase the US gross domestic product (GDP) 10% by 2030.
Following the memo's publication, multiple executives shared an article from a senior engineer who recently left the company, Yonatan Zunger.
The dismissal of Damore, however, does not end the discussion regarding the anti-diversity topics that the former Google engineer raised.
Google CEO Sundar Pichai sent a company-wide note to employees saying that parts of the memo "violate our Code of Conduct and cross the line". Women, he said, have more "openness directed towards feelings and aesthetics rather than ideas"-meaning they "prefer jobs in social or artistic areas".