On June 16, President Donald Trump announced the dissolution of certain Obama -era policies towards Cuba, calling the administration's policies "one-sided".
Cuba's government rejected on Friday the newly announced USA policy towards Cuba, but said it is open to continue dialogue with Washington on issues of mutual interest.
It spent subsequent decades trying to either overthrow the Cuban government or isolate the island, including toughening an economic embargo first imposed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Trump announced his partial rollback of the detente initiated by former President Barack Obama earlier in the day in a speech in Miami, saying he was canceling the "terrible and misguided deal" with Havana.
The president says he must reverse policies making travel to the country more accessible, decrying what he calls mistreatment of the Cuban people.
In the days following the death of Fidel Castro, then-President-elect Donald Trump did exactly what one might expect: He took to Twitter.
"Further U.S. disengagement opens up opportunities for countries like Iran, Russia, North Korea and China to gain influence on an island 90 miles off our coast", Crawford said. He will not cut off recently resumed direct US-Cuba commercial flights or cruise-ship travel.
Trump is calling for actions to be taken that channel economic activities away from that military monopoly, especially those related to travel transactions. He said penalties on Cuba would remain in place until its government releases political prisoners, stops abusing dissidents and respects freedom of expression.
USA officials will move to enforce an existing ban on tourism by eliminating individual people-to-people exchanges that had been allowed under Obama and had opened a back door to tourism. American visitors still allowed to bring back all the rum and cigars they can manage.
His tougher approach will prevent U.S. dollars from being used to fund Cuba's government.
In December 2014, in the most sweeping change in U.S.
"That will impact the Cuban economy negatively, and in that sense there's some leverage. We do not want United States dollars to prop up a military monopoly that exploits and abuses the citizens of Cuba", Trump pledged.
"The basic policy driver", another official said, was Trump's "concern that the previous policy was enriching the Cuban military and the intelligence services that contribute so much to repression on the island".
"The problem, say Cubans we talk to, is that the crackdown would also hurt small business owners", Mitchell claimed, "including many women, the very people President Trump says he wants to help". It will also enforce stricter bans on Americans travelling there as tourists - a policy that will have major ramifications.
However, Trump stopped short of breaking diplomatic relations restored in 2015 after more than five decades of hostilities.