Panama dictator Noriega, ousted in US invasion, dies at 83

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In 2011, a French court approved a request from Panama to extradite Noriega to serve out sentences he was given in absentia over murder, corruption and embezzlement.

Madaxweynaha Panama Juan Carlos Valera ayaa bartiisa Twitter-ka ku sheegay gerida Noriega, waxaana uu sheegay in qoyskiisu si nabad gelyo ah ku duugan karaan.

Former Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega has died, a source close to his family said.

When a US Marine was shot dead by Panamanian forces on December 16, 1989, President George H.W. Bush ordered an American invasion four days later to remove Noriega from power and restore democracy as part of "Operation Just Cause".

Noriega died from a hemorrhage following surgery to remove a brain tumor.

The falling out culminated in the USA sending nearly 28,000 troops to seize Panama City and capture Noriega after a house-to-house hunt.

Noriega had been a key U.S. ally but was forcibly removed when American troops invaded in 1989 and was later jailed in the USA on drugs and laundering charges.

Noriega rose swiftly in the armed forces, becoming a key ally of General Omar Torrijos during a military coup in 1968. Two years after Torrijos was killed in a plane crash, Noriega took control of the Panamanian government.

Noriega early on caught the attention of the CIA and became a paid informant for the US agency.

After 10 days during which the United States military attempted to drive him out by playing deafening music, Noriega surrendered on January 3, 1990.

Noriega was the first foreign head of state to be convicted in a USA court, and the trial also led to revelations that Noriega had been a paid Central Intelligence Agency asset for many years.

Noriega was flown to the United States, with prisoner-of-war status, to face charges of drug trafficking, money laundering and racketeering.

By 1986, reports were circulating in the US that Noriega had spearheaded the gruesome torture and murder of a high-profile rival, and that he was now earning a payday from Eastern European governments for American secrets.

However as he continued to brutally crack down on activists and tighten his grip on power in the country, he fell out with President George H.W. Bush.

In 2010, after a three-year legal battle over his extradition, he was transferred to France to face trial on laundering drug money. "However, once you say no, then you become an evil guy", Noriega recollected in a 1992 interview with CNN. "The Panamanian people have already overcome this period of dictatorship".

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